The World’s Most Dangerous and Beautiful Adventure Places-2.North Sentinel Island

North Sentinel Island is a small island located in the Andaman archipelago in the Indian Ocean. It is one of the most isolated and mysterious places on Earth, as it is inhabited by an uncontacted tribe of indigenous people, known as the Sentinelese, who have resisted any contact with the outside world for thousands of years. No one is allowed to visit the island without a special permission from the Indian government, and only a few attempts have been made to establish contact with the tribe.

The island has a tropical climate, with an average temperature of 26°C and a high rainfall. It has a dense vegetation, consisting of mainly rainforest and mangroves, and a flat terrain, with sandy beaches and coral reefs. The natural beauty of the island contrasts with the hostility of its inhabitants, the Sentinelese, who are considered to be one of the last surviving groups of hunter-gatherers in the world.

The Sentinelese are estimated to number between 50 and 200, and their physical appearance and language are distinct from other Andamanese tribes. They have dark skin, curly hair, and wear little or no clothing. They use wooden spears, bows and arrows, and stone tools to hunt, fish, and collect wild plants. They live in simple huts made of leaves and branches, and have no evidence of agriculture, pottery, fire, or metalworking.

The reason why the Sentinelese have remained isolated from the rest of the world is due to their fierce resistance to any intrusion. They are known to attack anyone who approaches their island, using their weapons to repel helicopters, boats, and even shipwrecked survivors. They have no immunity to common diseases, and any contact with outsiders could be fatal for them.

The history of the island and the tribe is largely unknown, as there are no written records or archaeological evidence. Some scholars believe that the Sentinelese are descendants of the first humans who migrated out of Africa about 60,000 years ago, and have lived on the island ever since, with little or no genetic or cultural exchange with other populations. Others suggest that they arrived on the island more recently, during the Holocene era, about 10,000 years ago, and replaced or assimilated the previous inhabitants.

The island was first sighted by Europeans in the 17th century, but no landing was attempted until the 19th century, when a British naval officer, Maurice Vidal Portman, led an expedition to the island in 1880. He captured six Sentinelese, an elderly couple and four children, and brought them to Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman Islands. However, the adults soon died of illness, and the children were returned to the island with some gifts. This encounter was probably traumatic for the tribe, and may have contributed to their distrust of outsiders.

In the 20th century, several attempts were made by the Indian government and anthropologists to establish friendly contact with the tribe, by dropping gifts such as coconuts, bananas, and iron on the beach. However, the results were mixed, as the Sentinelese sometimes accepted the gifts, but sometimes reacted with aggression and violence. In 1974, a National Geographic film crew was attacked by the tribe, and the director was wounded by an arrow. In 1981, a cargo ship, the Primrose, ran aground on the reef near the island, and the crew was threatened by the tribe, until they were rescued by a helicopter. In 1991, an Indian anthropologist, Madhumala Chattopadhyay, managed to have a brief and peaceful interaction with the tribe, and even swam with them in the sea. However, this was the last successful contact, and the tribe soon resumed their hostile attitude.

In 1996, the Indian government decided to stop the contact expeditions, and declared the island a no-go zone, prohibiting anyone from approaching within 5 kilometers of the shore. The island is also a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, as it is a unique example of a pristine and untouched ecosystem. In 2004, after the Indian Ocean tsunami, a helicopter was sent to check on the tribe, but it was met with arrows. The Sentinelese seemed to have survived the disaster, by moving to higher ground before the waves hit. In 2006, two Indian fishermen, who were illegally fishing near the island, were killed by the tribe. In 2018, an American missionary, John Allen Chau, tried to reach the island to preach Christianity, but he was also killed by the tribe.

This is the introduction of North Sentinel Island, one of the most dangerous and fascinating places on Earth.

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