The World’s Most Dangerous and Beautiful Adventure Places-8.Nazca Lines

The Nazca Lines (English: Nazca Lines, Spanish: Líneas de Nazca) are a series of mysterious geoglyphs, or large-scale drawings on the ground, located in the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. They were created by the ancient Nazca civilization between 500 BC and 500 AD, by removing the dark pebbles on the surface and exposing the lighter soil underneath. The Nazca Lines cover an area of about 450 square kilometers (170 square miles), and can only be fully appreciated from the air.

History

The Nazca Lines were first discovered in 1927 by Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mejia Xesspe, who noticed them while hiking in the hills. However, they were not widely known until 1939, when American archaeologist Paul Kosok flew over them and was amazed by their size and complexity. He called them “the largest astronomy book in the world”, as he believed they were related to the celestial movements. Later, German mathematician Maria Reiche dedicated her life to studying and preserving the Nazca Lines, and proposed that they were a sophisticated calendar system.

Mysteries

The Nazca Lines consist of hundreds of individual figures, ranging from simple lines and geometric shapes, to complex depictions of animals, plants, and human-like beings. Some of the most famous figures include a 46-meter-long (151-foot-long) spider, a 300-meter-long (984-foot-long) hummingbird, a 108-meter-long (354-foot-long) monkey, a 188-meter-long (617-foot-long) lizard, a 122-meter-long (400-foot-long) condor, and a giant candelabra on a hillside. The purpose and meaning of these figures have been the subject of much speculation and debate, but no definitive answer has been found.

Explanations

There have been many attempts to explain the mysteries of the Nazca Lines, ranging from natural to supernatural. Some of the most common explanations are:

– Astronomical or calendrical functions. Some researchers suggest that the Nazca Lines were used to mark the positions of the sun, the moon, the stars, and the planets, and to determine the seasons, the solstices, the equinoxes, and other important dates. They also claim that some of the figures represent constellations or zodiac signs.
– Religious or ritual purposes. Some scholars suggest that the Nazca Lines were part of a complex religious system, and that they were used to communicate with the gods, to worship the ancestors, to perform ceremonies, or to make offerings. They also argue that some of the figures represent mythical creatures or deities.
– Water management or irrigation. Some experts suggest that the Nazca Lines were related to the water supply, and that they were used to indicate the location of underground aquifers, to channel the rainwater, or to regulate the floods. They also point out that some of the figures resemble the local flora and fauna, which depend on water for survival.
– Artistic or cultural expression. Some observers suggest that the Nazca Lines were simply a form of artistic or cultural expression, and that they reflected the worldview, the identity, the values, and the aesthetics of the Nazca people. They also note that some of the figures are similar to the pottery designs and the textiles of the Nazca culture.
– Extraterrestrial or paranormal influences. Some believers suggest that the Nazca Lines were created by or for alien visitors, and that they were a landing site, a message, or a map for them. They also invoke various legends and myths, such as the ancient astronauts, the lost continent of Atlantis, or the hollow earth.

Conclusion

The Nazca Lines are one of the most mysterious and fascinating wonders of the world, and have captivated the imagination of many people for decades. They have also inspired many books, movies, TV shows, and games, that explore the various aspects and possibilities of the geoglyphs. Whether they are natural or supernatural, the Nazca Lines remain a source of wonder and intrigue, and a challenge for the curious and the adventurous.

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